The Health Insurance Portability And Accountability Act ( Hipaa )

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In the mid-90’s, the internet and various advanced technologies were an unescapable part of everyday life. The World Wide Web, computers, and software became common place fixtures in any business or health care related profession. While these advances increased workplace efficiency and the ease in which one could access company and patient information, it opened organizations and individuals up to security breaches and unsecured information. Overall, these developments brought to light the need for enhanced security and patient control over medical records and treatment. In 1996, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was enacted by Congress and has become a legal standard in healthcare and method of ensuring…show more content…
In addition, a majority of health care providers are included, such as doctors, hospitals, mental health professionals, dentists, pharmacies, and alternative medicine providers, such as chiropractors. Health Care Clearinghouses fall under the covered entities heading and refer to those businesses that deal with health information that is nonstandard. Business that have any involvement with one of the above listed covered entities, such as billing companies, lawyers, information technology specialist, or accounting firm are also legally bound by HIPPA and the subsequent Privacy and Security Acts. There are certain group of people and companies that are not required to adhere to these acts, and included in this categories are worker compensation companies, life insurers, law enforcement, state agencies, schools, or employers. It is important for the both the patient and health care provider to understand what information is being protected, as to avoid any security breach. This protected information included any information in various medical records, patient conversations with all health care professionals about care and treatment, billing data, and a majority of other information regarding patient health. Any patient has the right to see and receive a copy of any health records, request correction be made to a variety of health-related information, control over who the medical records are shared with,
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