The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, most commonly known by its initials HIPAA, was enacted by Congress then signed by President Bill Clinton on August 21, 1996. This act was put into place in order to regulate the privacy of patient health information, and as an effort to lower the cost of health care, shape the many pieces of our complicated healthcare system. This act also protects individuals from losing their health insurance if they lose their employment or choose to switch employers. . Before HIPAA there was no standard or consistency for the enforcement of the privacy for patients and the rules and regulations varied by state and organizations. HIPAA…show more content…
Title II focuses on preventing healthcare fraud and abuse, administrative simplification, and medical liability reform. Within Title II, HIPAA defines lots of violations relating to healthcare and also outlines the criminal and civil penalties that come along with the violations. Title II also has several ways to control fraud and abuse within the healthcare system, but the most prominent provision is the Administrative Simplification rules. These rules state the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) must make rules designed to increase efficiency by creating standards for the use and the distribution of healthcare information. These rules refer to covered entities such as health plans, clearinghouses, and health care providers that work with health care data that HIPAA regulates. Title II requires five rules regarding the Administrative Simplification, the Privacy Rule, The Security Rule, the Unique Identifiers Rule, and the Enforcement Rule. The Privacy Rule refers to protected heath information (PHI), which is any identifiable information. This rule, which was enacted April 14 2003, oversees the use and disclosure of information held by covered entities. Under this rule, covered entities may only disclose PHI, which can include
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