The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Essay

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The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, otherwise known as HIPAA, was endorsed by the U.S. Congress in 1996. The HIPAA Privacy Rule, also called the Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information, provided the first nationally recognizable regulations for the use or disclosure of an individual's health information. The HIPAA Privacy Rule establishes national standards to protect individuals’ medical records and other personal health information and applies to health plans, health care clearinghouse, and those health care providers that conduct certain health care transactions electronically. (OCR 2003) 1 When discussing the question, does HIPAA affect the patients access to his or her medical…show more content…
*check the HHS page 2 The HIPAA Amendment states that, "The Rule gives individuals the right to have covered entities amend their protected health information in a designated record set when that information is inaccurate or incomplete" ( HIPAA pg.12-13) When it comes to personal health information, HIPAA and AMA already set the policy how to covered entities to protect personal health information. However, the Privacy Rule is to define and limit the circumstances in which an individual’s protected heath information may be used or disclosed by covered entities. These circumstances are: 1. Required by law; 2. Public Health Activities; 3. Victims of Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence; 4. Health Oversight Activities; 5. Judicial and Administrative Proceedings; 6. Law Enforcement Purposes; 7. Decedents; 8. Cadaveric Organ, Eye, or Tissue Donation; 9. Research; 10. Serious Threat to Health or Safety; 11. Essential Government Functions; 12. Workers Compensation. (Pg.6 (5) Public Interest and Benefit Activitie) 3 On the other hand when discussing the question, are there requirements for covered entities to have written privacy policies? According to HIPAA Privacy Rule. "The notice must describe the ways in which the covered entity may use and disclose protected health information. The notice must state the covered entity’s duties to protect privacy, provide a notice of privacy practices, and
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