The Health Issues Of Hiv / Aids

2570 Words11 Pages
Communicable disease are massively important in global burden of disease and in “2001 accounted for about 40 percent of the disease burden in low and middle class income countries. Every year, HIV/AIDS kills about 1.8 million, TB kill about 1.7 million and malaria kills 1 million especially among children in poor countries like sub Saharan Africa and south Asia. These diseases “disproportionally’’ affect the poor. The better off people or families have the awareness and the income to protect themselves from the spread of disease. (S. Richard 2012). In Nigeria HIV/AIDS, TB (tuberculosis) and malaria are still main public health issues facing the country today. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with more than 169 million…show more content…
The number of TB cases that has been notified in the country has increased from 31, 264 in 2002 to 90, and 133 in 2010 and 200 in 2013 and has resulted in 3.5 percent of death among Nigerian population (Global health data: 2013). The unresolved or rapid rise of TB in Nigeria is further compounded by the ongoing HIV/AIDS epidemic and the emergence of multi drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The TB-HIV interface is a very crucial public health issue in the term of TB transmission and morbidity and mortality for both TB and HIV. The high risk of a HIV negative person developing active TB 10 %, however, the annual risk of developing active TB is 10%; but in 8 years’ time, the HIV positive person or individual has an 80% percent chance of developing active TB. Nigeria been a populous country have the second highest TB burden in Africa, women are most likely affected by TB than men; women have the mortality rate of 3.23% while men have 1.71% of total death (mortality rate). The main risk factors for TB among individuals are exposure to a person infected with TB, living in a country like Nigeria with a population of more than 163 million people, individuals or families from poor region tend to live in an overcrowded (overcrowding) houses or circumstances, under nutrition, HIV, inadequate health care and other conditions that affect the immune system.
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