The Health Of Maoris Communities

2336 WordsMay 1, 201610 Pages
Before 1769, Health of Maoris communities was good and had a life expectancy more than 30 at a time of birth and they were unknown to many infectious diseases. But after the arrival of Europeans (James Cook) in 1769, Maoris became prone to infectious diseases like measles, influenza, tuberculosis, dysentery that lead to 30% declined in Maoris population. It results in high rate of mortality of Maori community as they had a lack of immunity against viral and bacterial infection that was common in a European country. At that time, there was no proper HealthCare System so the medical care was given by missionaries. Since then the need for hospitals aroused for providing better healthcare system for Maoris and Pakeha (European Community). In 1847, the very first hospitals were authorized to provide health services were built by Governor in Auckland, New Plymouth, Sir George Grey. Sir George Grey built hospitals Wanganui and Wellington. The hospitals facilities were both for Maoris and Europeans. (Health Quote by Gareth Morgan & Geoff Simmons) In 1885, Hospitals and Charitable Institutions Act (1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock), the country was separated into 28 hospital districts and these hospitals were to be financed by patient’s fees and local authorities. According to Treaty of Waitangi three health principle i.e. Partnership, Participation, Protection strengthens the relation of government and Maoris. Therefore, in 1900, The Public Health
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