The Health Of The Youth Of Australia Face

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Youth can be one of the most difficult times in human development due to the rapid emotional, intellectual, and also physical changes one goes through as one progresses from childhood to adolescence and then into adulthood. This time is of great importance as it is crucial to establish positive health and social behaviours (AIHW, 2011). A large portion of the current generation of Australian children and adolescents face a large array of both biophysical and/or psychosocial health issues which not only affects their quality of life but also has an impact on ‘the health of the population in the future, and the health of society in a much broader sense’ (Eckersley 2008). After thorough research into the health impediments the youth of…show more content…
The accumulation of fat is a reflection of energy imbalance, when more energy is consumed through the consumption of food and drink than is expended through physical activity. (Coles-Ruthishauser & Seelig, 2001; AIHW, 2016) Epidemiological studies show a steady trend of “increasing obesity prevalence among children and adolescents—particularly over the past two decades,” internationally (WHO 2000; Department of Health 2003; NCHS 2004). The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian children and adolescents has notably increased in all age groups for both males and females over the past few decades. (Booth et al. 2003; Magarey et al. 2001). Growing evidence also suggests, ‘both nationally and internationally,’ children are more likely to be overweight if they come from families with lower socioeconomically status. (Power & Parsons 2000; Booth et al. 2001; Tennant et al. 2003). Back in 1995, ‘an estimated 4.7% of males and 5.5% of female children aged 7-15 years were obese and a further 15.3% of males and 16.0% of females were overweight.’ (Margarey et al. 2001) In the ten years preceding 1995, the prevalence of obesity had tripled (Magarey et al. 2001). From a survey of ‘NSW primary school children ages 7-11 years in 2000,’ the prevalence of overweight was as high as 26.2% in boys and 28.4% in girls. The prevalence of obesity was recorded to be as
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