The Health Risk Factors That Are Leading Adolescents And Younger Adults Towards Skin Cancer

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Introduction

Skin cancer is enormous health problem not only in Victoria but nationally. About 2 in 3 australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer before they reach 70 years of age (Staples et al., 2006). Although almost all cases of skin cases are preventable with proper methods like shade, use of sunscreens and avoiding tanning. The adolescents and younger adults aged from 13-24 years are more prone to skin cancer because of their behaviour and adolescents spend more time in sunlight as compared to any other age group. This paper will look into the health risk factors that are leading adolescents and younger adults towards skin cancer. Focusing on the common risk factors that are made by maximum youngsters which is affect their skin
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Australians are more prone to skin cancer than any other form of cancer. Skin cancer occurs when the skin cells are damaged due to over exposure to ultraviolet radiations. There are three types of skin cancer melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Over the past few decades the number of skin cancer has risen in Australia. Anyone can be at risk as chances increases as you grow older .Melanoma a type of skin cancer showed increase in diagnosis by 60% from the year 1982 to 2010 (Fransen et al., 2012). According to the latest data provided by, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2,209 people died of skin cancer in 2013 (Fransen et al., 2012). When compared to transport accidents skin cancer causes more deaths every year ("Skin cancer incidence and mortality - Skin Cancer Statistics and Issues," 2015). The effect of disease places a great demand on healthcare industry. As general practitioners (GPs) has encountered 1 million patients of skin care every year. Dr Colin Mathers(AIHW 's Principal Research Fellow), said that skin cancer is most expensive cancer in australia nearly $232million invested in cancers treatment ("New report analyses costs of cancer in Australia (AIHW)," 2015). The economic losses are also affecting Australian society due to significant production losses.

TARGET GROUP The author suggests that more attention should be paid to adolescents and younger adults
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