The Health Risks of Smoking Essay

658 Words 3 Pages
The Health Risks of Smoking

Every year nearly one in every five US deaths are related to cigarette smoking, that means that every year 440,000 people alone die from cigarettes. Deaths caused by alcohol, car accidents, suicide, AIDS, homicide, and illegal drugs combined are actually less than the number of deaths caused by cigarette smoking. Being the grandchild of a grandpa who died of lung cancer from smoking, I know and understand what cigarette smoking can do.

Tobacco smoke is a mixture of gases and of small particles made up of water, tar, and nicotine. The tar is a mixture of thousands of toxic chemicals, many of which are known to cause cancer. Many of the gases in tobacco smoke are harmful to the human body. These include
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During smoking, nicotine is absorbed quickly into the bloodstream and travels to the brain in a matter of seconds.

As you can see there are many harmful toxins, gases, and carcinogens in cigarettes that cause humans to attain many harmful and fatal diseases. Smoking is a major cause of heart disease, bronchitis, emphysema, stroke, and contributes to the severity of pneumonia. But most of all it causes many types of cancers. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women, and is one of the most difficult cancers to treat. It is very hard to detect when it is in the earliest, most treatable stage. Fortunately, lung cancer is largely a preventable disease. About 87 percent of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. Based on data collected from 1995 to 1999, the CDC estimated that adult male smokers lose an average of 13.2 years of life and female smokers lose 14.5 years of life because of smoking.

Tobacco also has a damaging affect on a women's reproductive health. Smoking during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth, and death or illness of the child in early infancy. It may also affect the physical growth, mental development and behavior of children until at least the age of 11 years. Children of smokers are more likely to have serious chest infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia,
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