The Helsinki Final Act Of Europe

2022 WordsMay 4, 20169 Pages
Helsinki Summit, 30 July- 2 August 1975: Ford & Brezhnev The Helsinki Final Act was of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) was held in Helsinki, Finland, during July-August 1975. The Conference included thirty-five states. In the months leading up to the signing of the Helsinki Final Act, the Americans of Eastern European descent expressed their concerns that the agreement would mean the acceptance of Soviet domination over Eastern Europe. Ford, therefore, had to tread a very fine line and had to assure the American public that U.S. policy on the incorporation of the Baltic States would not be changed by the Helsinki Final Act. Despite opposition from all corners, Ford decided to move forward and sign the…show more content…
Ford also reaffirmed that US non-recognition policy of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia’s incorporation into the Soviet Union had not changed. The Helsinki Accords served as the groundwork for the later Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), established under the Paris Charter. I would like to point out here the informality that existed between the two leaders and how they approached each other. Why I regard summitry at the pinnacle of all diplomatic overtures is because there is no higher forum at which two countries decide to address issues of supreme importance and once the leaders of two countries decide that progress ought to be made on a certain issue, it becomes inevitable for progress to be achieved. I would also posit that where a certain issue would take around one year to be resolved through normal diplomatic channels, summitry could achieve the same results in a matter of days. Let us now see a portion of verbatim talks that were held between Ford and Brezhnev, which would highlight the very fact that both the US and Soviet leaders had decided in their heads that they had to move towards a peaceful co-existence and that is why both the super-powers of the time avoided a nuclear conflict during the height of the Cold War. This is a lesson, which the leadership of both Pakistan and India has to learn, if they want to change the plight of the people of South Asia. Excerpt from Conversation
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