The Hidden Driver Of Excellence

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A Summary of Chapters Three and Four in Focus: The Hidden Driver of Excellence by Daniel Goleman (450) Chapter Three: Attention Top and Bottom In this chapter, Goleman (2015) defines the important differences in the way the brain functions in order to focus on a particular object or event. The neurological function of the brain defines why there is a “bottom-up” mind and “top-down” mind that operates when discerning between differing focus orientation. In this way, Goleman (2015) identifies the “bottom-up” mind as being much faster in deciphering perceived threats or challenges as an involuntary focus: “Faster in brain time…involuntary and automatic” (Goleman 25). In contrast to this faster mindset, Goleman (2015) the “top-down” mind is much slower, which provides a voluntary attention span that can analyze an event or situation through focus. In this manner, Goleman (2015) is really talking about the involuntary and voluntary neurological functions of the brain that identify the differing aspects of “focus” that a human possesses. This is an important part of this chapter that allows the reader to understand the brain’s ability to discern between two differing focuses options. Another important aspects of the “bottom-up” and top-down” approach that human beings tend to be reactionary by relying too much on their involuntary focus. Therefore, the “bottom-up’ method tends to be a driving force in concentration, which can be problematic if it is not analyzed and checked
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