The Historical And Cultural Value Of The Ancient Mesopotamia

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The ancient Mesopotamia, the ancient Egyptians, the ancient Indus Valley, and the ancient China are known as the four great major ancient civilizations in human history. Each of the unique culture and society that the ancient civilization developed were the sources of the extensive knowledge of philosophy, science, literature, art and other aspects of today’s human civilization. The existent of the myths and the epics found in the ancient civilization sites are the sign of human primary form of culture, in which it explained human beings through conquer the nature transform into the process of the material and spiritual civilization. The oldest and earliest mythical narrative poems of ancient Mesopotamia “Gilgamesh: A Verse Narrative” written by Babylonians, is undoubtedly the crystallization of Sumerian culture. From the content of the story, one can see ancient Sumerian’s early civilization, society, and religion culture. Comparing this poem to modern plays such as “Macbeth” by William Shakespeare, this ancient narrative epic still has an important historical and cultural value so far.
The Gilgamesh story took place in ancient Mesopotamia, where developed the earliest human civilization. Mesopotamia means the “land between the rivers” in Greeks. It refers to the alluvial plain between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers now in present-day Iraq (B.p). To the east and the north of Mesopotamia is surrounding by mountains, each year the malting of snow on the mountains will
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