The Historical Development of Nursing

1308 Words Dec 14th, 2014 6 Pages
The Historical Development of Nursing Timeline
University of Phoenix
Theoretical Foundations of Practice
NUR/513
Alexandra Winter
December 7, 2013 The Historical Development of Nursing Timeline
The nursing profession continues to develop and transform in practice and roles mostly due to the development of nursing models and theories that promote evidence based practice. Nursing remains a profession of caring and service. The pioneers of this profession revolutionized this career and have allowed nursing to evolve while concurrently finding ways to provide better care. The earliest nurses did not attend nursing school; they were often women who provided care for the poor, sick or homeless without family support. In the
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One element of health outcomes is client satisfaction.
Nola J. Pender (1996) – Health Promotion Model
Nola Pender’s model focuses on three areas 1) Individual characteristics and experiences, 2) Behavior-specific cognitions and affects, 3) Behavioral outcomes.
Katharine Kolcaba (2001) Theory of Comfort
Katherine Kolcaba describes comfort as existing in three forms 1) Relief, 2) Ease, 3) Transcendence. She also describes 4 contexts in which the patient’s comfort can occur: physical, psychospiritual, environmental and sociocultural.
Practice Theory – Seeks to Explain the Relationship between Human Action and the ‘System”
Marion Good and Shirley Moore (1996) – Theory of Balance Between Analgesia and Side Effects
Fitzpatrick & Wallace, 2006 state that, “Good and Moore’s theory of a balance between analgesia and side effects is the first integrated, prescriptive nursing theory for acute pain management in adults. This theory proposes the multimodal therapy, attentive care and patient education contribute to a balance between pain relief and minimal side effects of analgesic medication” (Fitzpatrick & Wallace, 2006, p. 438).
The nursing profession integrates both art and science when theory and practice guide nursing judgment. Avant & Walker state that, “Thus, a commitment to practice based on sound, reliable
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