The Historical History Of American Psychology

1091 Words Oct 6th, 2016 5 Pages
The historical underpinnings of American psychology came by way of Francis Bacon and John Stuart Mill philosophy, Charles Darwin evolutionary biology, Chauncey Wright evolutionary psychology, and Wilhelm Wundt volunteer psychology generally (Green, 2009; Wright, 1873). From these philosophical and biological contributors came two major schools of American psychology, namely structuralism and functionalism (Green, 2009; Caldwell, 1899; biological terms; see Boucher, 2015, pp. 384-385), which emerged as competitors of thought on how to describe and explain the human mind and behavior specifically (Angell, 1907; Caldwell, 1899; Green, 2009; Green, Feinerer, & Burman, 2013). The conceptual reality of this debate between the two schools is foundational and must be understood in order to build the proper picture of how American psychology has established itself as a “marker” by which America, and I proffer, the world evaluates psychology as a whole. It is in this historical context where the soil was cultivated for the planting of these two schools and how each one takes root, flourishes, and how they both eventually find a reticent subjugation to modern forms of psychological preeminence. Therefore, this paper will discuss the historical nature and foundational construct of structuralism, functionalism, and the process of change for American psychology to be where it is today.
Structuralism developed as the first American school of psychology and some of the conceptual…
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