The Historical Visit of President Nixon to China Essay

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As I understand the historical connection between China and United States, they were and in some sense still are both rivals, which began with Mao Zedong driving American-supported Chang out of China soon after the unconditional surrender of the defeat of aggressive Imperial Japan in 1945. Mao took over China and forced Chang to beat a hasty retreat to Taiwan Island. Then in l950, the world witnessed the fierce armed confrontation between Mao led China versus the United Nations' forces with the full backing of United States during the three year Korean War which eventually became a stalemate to this day. Then there was another world-shattering war between U.S. and Communist Soviet-China over the devastating Vietnam. So China had been at…show more content…
after the meeting took place in 1972. In addition the British shifted its investment and their “special relationship” from the U.S. to the European Union. (MacMillan, 288) Almost all parts of the world did not expect such meeting to happen and some did not want this friendly meeting to happen. In fact it came as complete shock to most of Soviet leadership (MacMillan, 290) Since the Soviets was not in good relations with China Soviets were irritated that this impossible meeting took place to improve the Sino-American relationship. The U.S. and China had been enemies for too long and also the war in Vietnam remained to keep them apart. (MacMillan, 289)The KGB, the Soviet secret police, had planned a campaign of disinformation to keep Americans and Chinese apart. (MacMillan, 289) It wasn’t just the Soviets that were in shock, but also the Japanese since it threatened a bargain Japan had made with the U.S. in the early 1950s. After gaining independence in 1952, they agreed to help American Cold war coalition in Asia. Even though Japan did not like U.S. military base stationed in Okinawa, Sato Eisaku, who was prime minister from 1964 to 1972 stated that Japan needed to keep good relations with the U.S. and sign another 10 year security treaty. (MacMillan, 293)Nixon suggested that the U.S. was worried about Japan betraying
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