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The History Of Boko Haram

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In the year 2002, Mohammed Yusuf founded Boko Haram. With the goal of establishing an Islamic state, Yusuf recruited surrounding youth, and less than well to do Muslim families from the surrounding areas. For seven years, Yusuf governed the sect in a relatively peaceful manner, preaching detestation for Westerners and their involvement in government, but never erupting into violence. In 2009, in response to what members of Boko Haram believed to be the use of excessive force by police officers, the group launched a widespread attack on police stations, killing many and injuring many more. Since then the group has evolved initially moving to carrying out assassinations of police officers then attacking prisons releasing inmates then bombing…show more content…
Among these groups are Al-Qaeda and ISIS. Both of which are primarily backed by Middle Eastern oil money. Despite these reports, the United Nations and governments of nations fighting to quell the Boko Haram uprising have been unable to determine exactly from whom, in what amount, and how frequently the group receives these donations as a result of an Islamic money transfer method called hawala . Hawala is an anonymous, efficient method of money transfer used in both the legal and black markets that is recognized by many Islamic nations as a legitimate method of transferring money . These characteristics make it ideal for transfer of finances to support terrorist organizations such as Boko Haram. In 2001, the Financial Action Task Force released special recommendations to prevent illegal activity over hawala. These included requiring the registration of people and legal entities providing funding and a recommendation for governments to impose sanctions on those who are not registered . These recommendations however have not been enforced in the places where financing is most likely coming from. Simply put, these recommendations are not enough to prevent the funding of Boko Haram. In order to resolve this issue, the United Nations should place financial sanctions and trade restrictions on the countries that do recognize hawala as a legitimate practice and force them into banning the transfer method. This would allow governments to conduct proper investigations in the specifics of less than upstanding dealings that occur on this platform. This however, may become problematic for some nations whose governments value free trade and as previously stated, many legitimate transactions do occur over hawala. Those nations need to recognize however, that not only Boko Haram, but other violent Islamic organizations are being funded in this
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