The History Of Social Work In Vietnam. Each Country Has

1625 WordsMar 29, 20177 Pages
The History of Social Work in Vietnam Each country has a unique history for the development of social work. While social work was first started in Amsterdam and later introduced in the United States in the late 1800’s, other countries are starting to develop social work practice more recently (Zastrow, 2010). At the completion of multiple decades of war, Vietnam could start implementing social work practice. It is important for foreigners who plan to work in Vietnam to be aware of the history of social work practice. Having an awareness of the history would be able to show the case workers the progress being made and where advocacy is going to be needed in the future. Learning about the history will also be able to give insight about the…show more content…
Because of the influence of institutional programs today, the Social Work Education Enhancement Program (SWEEP) team trained on proper institutional care (Hines, et al. 2015). While South Vietnam was experiencing independence in between 1945 and 1954, social work was being introduced (Oanh, 2002). This happened by the creation of Caritas School of Social Work, which was organized by the French Red Cross. The social work organizations were serving Vietnamese through large French organizations. During the American neo-colonial period Vietnam split at the 17th parallel. At the time of the split, multiple social agencies were implemented by the United Stated to benefit South Vietnam (Oanh, 2002). Organizations like Catholic Relief Charities and International Rescue Committee were assisting with the movement of refugees from the north (Oanh, 2002). During the split, there was differences between social work in the North and the South (Hugman et al., 2009). The North’s focus was the socialist system with mutual care in families and communities. Work was different in the city compared to the country side. The city was focused on the Youth Union and the Women’s Union, while the country side focused on medical services, child care and programs. (Hugman, et al., 2009). In the south, the focus was on programs which were sponsored by European government. They were programs based on children’s
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