The History Of The Oil Industry

1265 Words Jan 15th, 2015 6 Pages
The history of the Oil Industry Oil makes up over ⅓ of humanities primary energy supply. The production of oil, especially the refining of it is has a huge impact of on the modern day world. Oil has been collected and used since Old Testament Bible times. Oil or petroleum is naturally found in various countries including in and around the United States of America. There are many men who can be linked to the beginning of the American oil industry, but out of all of them the most famous, if not the most influential is John Davison Rockefeller. The history of the United States petroleum industry was influenced by John Rockefeller, and helped define his legacy.
Oil has been used since perhaps, the beginning of time. Ancient records have lead historians to believe that crude oil and asphalt was collected from large seeps at Tuttul (modern-day Hit) on the Euphrates River in the Middle East more than 5,000 years ago. These substances were used by the ancient Sumerians, Assyrians, and Babylonians for many purposes. Liquid oil was first used medicinally by the ancient Egyptians. In the early Common Era crude oil was distilled by the Arabs and Persians in order to make flammable products for military uses. As a result of Spanish invasion into Arabian territories the art of distilling oil into illuminants was introduced to Europe by the 12th century (“petroleum”). During this time, Native Americans in North America were using oil for medicine as well.
Crude oil was also commonly…

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