The History Of Wine Production

3164 Words Nov 5th, 2014 13 Pages
The history of wine production traces back thousands of years, with the earliest evidence of a wine-like drink located in China circa and estimated to be of at 7000 BC. Wine was the center of the agricultural culture of many civilizations like the Romans, the Phoenicians and the Greeks, who considered wine a divine drink of the gods. Wine remains until today one of the largest components of the agricultural production in the Western civilization (Appendix 1).
Grapevine is one of the most economically and socially important crops around the globe. Grapes are used for the production of raising, grape juice, jams and vinegar, but the main end product is wine. It was estimated in 2005 that 65.7% of the production of grapes is being used for the manufacture of wine. For example, the total production of wine for the years 2013-2014 in Europe was 322,297 hectoliters, with some of the leading producer countries being France, Italy and Germany (Appendix 2). The US wine production in 2012 was about 28,482,619 hectoliters, with California being the state with the largest wine production in the country.
Since early times people have been engaging in “cloning” grapevines that possessed a specific preferred trait, in a process called vegetative propagation. This technique concerns the asexual reproduction or grapevines by cutting a part of the stem and replanting it in a suitable environment to produce an identical to the parent grapevine; a “clone”. Hence viticulturists have…
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