The History of African American Discrimination and the Civil Rights Movement

2340 Words Feb 18th, 2018 9 Pages
America has long been encompassed by countless conflicts in this struggle to reach the full equality promised to every American. The Civil Rights Movement has always had to grapple with an unsympathetic legislature and impassive executive branch forcing these citizens to turn to the courts. The Supreme Court has been at the center of all these essential battles that impelled the clash for equal rights and opportunities into the forefront.
Union political leaders sought to strengthen their victory, immediately following the end of the Civil War, with the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments. The new amendments legally abolished slavery, protected the legal equality of ex-slaves and the voting rights of male ex-slaves and each Confederate Southern state was required to incorporate these requirements into their constitutions. Unfortunately, despite the legality of these written promises almost a century of activism and legal action would be needed to bring about the consistent federal enforcement of these rights in the former states of the Confederacy. Congress also failed to secure any land for blacks, which gave southern whites economic control over blacks. To oversee new laws and lend a hand as blacks procured their civil, educational,…