The History of Australia Essay

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To some degree the unfamiliar country of Australia was a ‘Fatal Shore’, a land of suffering and hardship for the British, however after its early years, the colony began to flourish and Australia was established as being a land of opportunity. Events in Britain, such as The Industrial Revolution, encouraged people to consider migrating to Australia for a better life as many of the working class were profoundly affected. Furthermore, the increase in crime due to unemployment lead to overcrowded prisons and no destination to transport the convicts, especially after the American War of Independence in the eighteenth century. And so, the British embarked on a new settlement project, leading to long struggles for some and great opportunity for…show more content…
Enticed by news of inexpensive land and the abundance of work, free settlers were lured into the country and boatloads of migrants swarmed into Australia, thus proving that Australia was no longer a destitute place but was a land of great potential. The British people were not met without resistance from the native Aboriginal people. Conflict, as expected, arose between the two parties, resulting in many deaths. Captain James Campbell, an officer who came with the First Fleet, wrote in a letter in 1788 that “I stumbled upon the bodies of two of our Convicts…I never saw a more shocking sight - the sculls of both were fractured, one quite open with no less than seven Spears through the body”, referring to the response of the native people to the arrival of the British. For the native Aboriginals most of all, their country became one of suffering and brutality as the British brought with them diseases and unprecedented military power. John Hunter wrote in April 1789 that “Small Pox had made its appearance a few Months ago amongst these poor unfortunate Creatures…Men, Women, & Children laying dead”. This provides evidence pointing to the conclusion that the arrival of the British directly resulted in Australia becoming a ‘Fatal Shore’ for the native people. Convicts could find themselves living in rough
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