The History of Jazz Essay

Decent Essays
The History Of Jazz

The first jazz was played in the early 20th century. The work chants and folk music of black Americans are among the sources of jazz, which reflects the rhythms and expressions of West African song. Ragtime, an Afro-American music that first appeared in the 1890s, was composed for the piano, and each rag is a composition with several themes. The leading ragtime composer was Scott Joplin.

The first improvising jazz musician was the cornetist Buddy Bolden, leader of a band in New Orleans. The first jazz bands were usually made up of one or two cornet players who played the principal melodies, a clarinetist and trombonist who improvised countermelodies, and a rhythm section (piano, banjo, string bass or tuba, and drums)
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Billie Holiday was only a teenager when she began her singing career. She subtly changed the notes and rhythms of popular songs to give them new, often ironic meanings. Ella Fitzgerald was the popular favorite among later swing scat vocalists.

The bop era, which lasted from about 1945 to 1960, was also the period of cool jazz. Bop blossomed out of informal performances, in New York City's Harlem in the early 1940s. Many bop pieces were played at the fastest tempos yet heard in jazz. Bop featured many-noted solos and unusual, quickly changing harmonies.
The opposite of cool jazz was hard bop, which was played in the Eastern cities.
Hard bop was vigorous and energetic and emphasized the Afro-American basis of jazz. The 1950s also brought forth composers who were not considered either bop or hard bop creators. The traditional forms of jazz songs were abandoned by Lewis,
Nichols, and George Russell, who wrote complex, brightly colorful works for big bands. Chicago revived as a jazz center in 1965 when a cooperative, the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians , was formed to produce concerts and to teach music to inner-city youths. European enthusiasm about post-1960 jazz led to two important trends of the 1970s and 1980s. First, improvising musicians from many countries were inspired to draw on their individual musical heritages to create new kinds of jazz. The most popular result of this trend to variety has been
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