Essay on The History of Psychology

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The History of Psychology In order to discuss Psychology's history, it is important to understand that psychology still does not have one unifying approach unlike the natural sciences; even the definition of Psychology and what it truly means is still undecided. However I shall attempt to review chronologically its philosophical origins, include how the science of Physics and Biology were placed in history and how they influenced research and determined the development of Psychology as its recognised today.

Beginning with the philosophers Plato and Aristotle (between 428- 347) in ancient Greece, they began to ask
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For example, the taste of lemonade (perception) to be a molecule of conscious experience could be analyzed in terms of elements (sensations) i.e. sweet, sour, cold, warm, bitter, and how it was identified by introspection (observation).

Wundt’s structuralism was quickly abandoned because it could not be empirically or scientifically tested, it was also criticised for favouring deterministic structural forces over the ability of individual people to act refusing the suggestion of freewill.

But at the end of the 19th century and lasting only 25 years Structuralism was still seen as a historically important school of thought and it was the movements that it developed, rather than structuralism itself that pushed forward the progress of psychology

Functionalism as a psychology developed from the philosophy of Pragmatism (practical, matter-of-fact way of approaching or assessing situations or of solving problems).

William James (1842-1910) laid the foundations with the publication of “Principles of Psychology” a book that gave Psychology its distinction and it’s well used definition “the science of mental life” for its study. He introduced a methodology for the inclusion of conscious mental processes and believed consciousness to be the primary object of psychology…