Essay on The History of Psychology

1423 Words 6 Pages
The History of Psychology In order to discuss Psychology's history, it is important to
understand that psychology still does not have one unifying approach
unlike the natural sciences; even the definition of Psychology and
what it truly means is still undecided. However I shall attempt to
review chronologically its philosophical origins, include how the
science of Physics and Biology were placed in history and how they
influenced research and determined the development of Psychology as
its recognised today.

Beginning with the philosophers Plato and Aristotle (between 428- 347)
in ancient Greece, they began to ask
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For example, the
taste of lemonade (perception) to be a molecule of conscious
experience could be analyzed in terms of elements (sensations) i.e.
sweet, sour, cold, warm, bitter, and how it was identified by
introspection (observation).

Wundt’s structuralism was quickly abandoned because it could not be
empirically or scientifically tested, it was also criticised for
favouring deterministic structural forces over the ability of
individual people to act refusing the suggestion of freewill.

But at the end of the 19th century and lasting only 25 years
Structuralism was still seen as a historically important school of
thought and it was the movements that it developed, rather than
structuralism itself that pushed forward the progress of psychology

Functionalism as a psychology developed from the philosophy of
Pragmatism (practical, matter-of-fact way of approaching or assessing
situations or of solving problems).

William James (1842-1910) laid the foundations with the publication of
“Principles of Psychology” a book that gave Psychology its distinction
and it’s well used definition “the science of mental life” for its
study. He introduced a methodology for the inclusion of conscious
mental processes and believed consciousness to be the primary object
of psychology…