The History of the Islamic World Essay

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The history of the Islamic world has been one of weak state institutions and state underperformance, coupled with a high prevalence of violence, both by the state and by individuals. A major reason for these negative trends has been the role of political Islam in privileging homogeneity over diversity, in stifling dissent in public and private life, and the societal stagnation that follows such rigid controls. Malaysia and Indonesia have been notable exceptions to the underperformance of Islamic cultures. There are numerous ways in which underperforming governmental institutions fail their citizenry. Institutions can fail in regards to education, economics, the military/police, religion, the social sphere, and through institutional…show more content…
The military can fail altogether, leading to governmental overthrow such as in Tunisia, Libya, and Yemen, and even civil war in Syria.¹ Islamic societies also fail their people educationally. Islamic institutions inadequately fund education, or provide inadequate education. None of the 1800 universities in Muslim countries are named as one of the top 500 world universities.² In science and technology, the Islamic world lags significantly. Twenty Muslim countries combined contributed only 0.55% of recent scientific literature, while smaller Israel produced 0.89%.³ Korea recently generated 16,328 patents and the United States generated 1,145,914, while the top nine Muslim countries generated 370, many by foreigners.⁴ Islamic societies similarly fail their people in the realm of economics. Unemployment in the Muslim world is high, and youth unemployment is the highest in the world at 23.2%.⁵ Muslim youth are deprived of meaningful work and the ability to build a future. Unable to focus on a home, many turn to the streets in protest. Muslim women are particularly affected, and experience up to 75% unemployment.⁶ This loss of female creative capital further contributes to economic stagnation, and social suffering. Economic failure in the Islamic world is tied into social failure. Unable to marry or afford apartments, young people remain home, frustrated by the inability to start adult lives, deprived of romantic and sexual companionship. With no
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