The Hiv / Aids Epidemic

3453 WordsSep 7, 201414 Pages
Globally, there is good news. In 2011 the World Health Organization (WHO) claimed that the HIV/AIDs epidemic was declining in their “Global HIV/AIDS Response” progress report (Progress Report 2011). Each continent and region, however, showed different changes in their rates of HIV/AIDS (Progress Report 2011). In North America, and specifically in the United States, the incidence of HIV has been constant for the past several years (Progress Report 2011). Despite the stability of this disease, the proportions of who is becoming infected are alarming (Progress Report 2011). Men who have sex with men (MSM) accounted for nearly 57% of the patients who were newly infected with HIV in 2010; and this is the case for MSM around the world…show more content…
Part of why HIV is so deadly is that once an individual contracts the virus, they will have it for life. Another alarming fact about HIV is that the transmission of infected to uninfected individual is typically facilitated through STDs; commonly referred to as co-infections. The main portion of the population that is affected by STDs and thus put at risk of acquiring HIV is the encompassing age group of 15- to 30-year-olds. This is the target group for VDH. Today’s youth are becoming infected with STDs at an even greater rate, which increases their chance of receiving HIV and thus spreading it. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) conducted research and collected 11,631 health risk behaviors questionnaires from students in 124 different schools across the country (Lowry et al.). The purpose was to determine the risk that high school-aged student put themselves at for acquiring STDs and ultimately HIV (Lowry et al.). The students “were stratified into one of four mutually exclusive groups” depending on their drug use: no drugs and alcohol, only alcohol and/or cigarettes, marijuana, or illicit drugs (Lowry et al.). The respondents were also examined by their sexual risk behaviors: had sex, had sex with four or more partners, and had sex without a condom (Lowry et al.). The findings showed that the “prevalence of sexual risk behaviors was least among students who reported no substance use” (Lowry et al.). The

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