The Holocaust, By Elie Wiesel Essay

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The Holocaust is one of the darkest and most saddening events in European history. The concentration camps in Europe, like Auschwitz, were places of torture and murder where millions of Jews were exterminated. As a Polish citizen myself, I have heard stories of the Holocaust that were passed down from my great grandmother who lived in Krakow, which is a small town close to where Auschwitz was located. My great grandmother and many high school history classes only ever mentioned the horrific treatment and extermination of Jews in Auschwitz. However, in 1944 Elie Wiesel’s account of Auschwitz in his memoir, Night, describes being transported from Auschwitz I, which was SS headquarters, to Auschwitz II, which was a killing centre, and then finally to Auschwitz III, which was a slave labour camp. My interest of Auschwitz’s three camps from reading Elie Wiesel’s memoir has led me to research and write about the different concentration camps, Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II (Birkenau), and Auschwitz III (Buna), that Elie Wiesel was taken to and discuss their purposes. Elie Wiesel’s, Night, provides a limited description of Auschwitz I because Wiesel briefly stopped there and was sent to Birkenau to undergo selection to determine if a civilian was able to provide work for the SS guards. Auschwitz I was created in an abandoned Polish military barrack in Oswiecim, which is a town in Western Poland. Auschwitz I held strategic elements to the Nazi’s because it was a coal rich region that

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