The Holocaust: Night by Elie Wiesel

1635 Words7 Pages
Six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust. The Jews were persecuted, tortured and slaughtered in concentration camps (“The Holocaust” 1). Night by Elie Wiesel is the powerful memoir of his experiences during the Holocaust. Night shows the tragedy of the Holocaust through the use literary devices, including the themes of loss of faith and cruelty toward other human beings, night as a symbol of suffering and fear, and the use of first person narrative. Night allows the reader to emotionally connect with the victims of the Holocaust, encourages them to never forget the injustice of the Holocaust, and implores the reader to ensure a travesty such as the Holocaust never occurs again.
Eliezer “Elie” Wiesel grew up in a small
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Eliezer carries on until the Americans liberate the camp. Throughout the memoir, Eliezer struggles with his faith in God and in those around him and begins to lose his humanity. Wiesel’s purpose in writing Night was to expose the horrors of the Holocaust in order for them to build a better future by not allowing this cruelty to occur again.
Wiesel uses the themes of the struggle to maintain faith and inhumanity toward other humans in order to portray the cruelty of the Holocaust. Eliezer begins the novel with a strong, unwavering faith in God. He believes that God is everywhere and that God is present at all times. Since God is present in every place in the world, the world must be good and just. Eliezer’s faith in the integrity of the world and God is challenged by the brutality he witnesses during the Holocaust from the Nazis and his fellow prisoners. An example of Eliezer questioning his faith is when he witnesses a small child being hanged. He asks himself where God is and answers, “He is hanging here on this gallows” (Wiesel 65). He witnesses Nazis burning children in furnaces, Jews being subjected to repeated beatings and humiliations, the hanging of fellow prisoners, the hanging of a child and the slaughter and death of prisoners. The cruelty of the Nazis breeds more cruelty and Eliezer sees the prisoners become cruel as well. He sees sons abandoning and abusing their
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