The Home Front Effect in The American Civil War

976 WordsJul 7, 20184 Pages
The Civil War was unlike any other war ever fought in America and had many effects on the home front for both the North and the South. It is stated to be the first ever total war, which is a war against not only the civilians but also the armies. The Civil War is also considered the first modern war fought by the U.S. troops. Lincoln asked volunteers to sign up for only three months. Many people thought the war wouldn’t last long. However, the war continued on for four years. The Union armies had around 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men and the Confederate army had approximately 750,000 to 1,250,000 men. The entire North and South society was affected by the war and desired for many social and economic assets. The Civil war brought new military…show more content…
In similar, the role for women was also greatly changed in the South. Women took part in all aspects of supporting the war effort. The women learned how to maintain farms, plantations, and factories. Similar to women in the North, the women of the south also took part in and became nurses. Richmond was later established, which was considered as a hospital center similar to that of Washington and Alexandria as hospital centers in the North (Austin, 1975). All in all, the South was unsuccessful in progressing in a favorable system for intermediate transportation. The South mainly depended on their cotton and tobacco. They were helpless with diverting over to a food management. The fighting from the war destroyed the crops and homes in the South. The North was a diverse society and its foundation focused on an enlarged economy and agriculture. The North had access to machinery and used them significantly. This allowed framers to develop more land and supplied a growth in production. In importance, the factories had a positive impact on the war and were capable of producing guns, ammunition, and clothing more rapidly. The Union tried such methods as borrowing funds, taxing, and printing money to fund their war which in the end worked for them. The Confederacy used the same methods; however, taxing the civilians was rejected by the public and the Congress. To manage the army, the Union passed the Enrollment Act
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