The Hoover Dam, The Natural State Boundary Of Arizona And Nevada

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The Hoover Dam, located on the common state boundary of Arizona and Nevada and operated and maintained by the U.S. Department of the Interior 's Bureau of Reclamation, is one of the largest hydropower projects in the United States. Completed in 1936, the primary purpose of the Hoover Dam is to control the waters of the Colorado River during flood seasons and to eliminate the annual threat of flood damage in order to protect the fertile regions below. The dam also provides a stable supply of irrigation water and various domestic use supplies for southern California and southwest and central Arizona by storing the annual Colorado River runoff. Finally, the Hoover Dam produces hydroelectric power at an average generation rate of 4.5 million kilowatt hours per year in order to serve nearly 8 million California, Arizona and Nevada residents. This paper will discuss a broad overview of hydroelectricity, the construction of the Hoover Dam and Hoover Powerplant, the specifics of the electricity produced at the Hoover Powerplant, the consumption and usage of that hydropower and the impacts of the recent regional drought conditions to hydropower production. Hydropower represents 19 percent of the world 's total electricity production and has several distinct advantages compared to other traditional power-producing methods. Hydropower plays a major role in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions since it does not require any fuel burning, potential energy (i.e. water) supply

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