The House On Mango Street Analysis

1881 WordsNov 13, 20178 Pages
Freud’s psychoanalytic theory plays a major role in literature, and it is usually described as psychoanalytic literary criticism. Moreover, the psychoanalytic theory incorporates two contradictory critical theories. The first theory focuses on the text itself without having influences of additional sources. From the view of first psychoanalytic theory, the reader can understand the text by analyzing the characters, dreams, conflicts, symbols, and the unconscious desires of the characters. Furthermore, the second theory argues that in the literary work, the dreams, desires, and emotions presented in the work are usually related to author’s own personal experience and the life. For instance, in order to understand the literary work of an…show more content…
Throughout her life on Mango Street, Esperanza meets many different people, makes new friends, experiences both good and bad situations and gets emotionally mature. Throughout the paper, the reader will see how psychoanalytic theory applies to Esperanza’s character that makes her become a dynamic character in the novel. In the beginning of the novel, Esperanza presents the example of Id which is the first structure of the psychoanalytic theory. During the stage of Id, a person wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation. To continue with, Esperanza also goes through the stage of Id, and she always gets embarrassed to show her house to the other people. Esperanza writes, a nun from my school passed by and saw me playing out front [...] Where do you live? she asked. There, I said pointing up to the third floor. You live there? There. I had to look to where she pointed—the third floor, the paint peeling, wooden bars Papa had nailed on the windows so we wouldn’t fall out. You live there? The way she said it made me feel like nothing” (Cisneros, 5). This quote shows that Esperanza always ashamed of her poverty, and instead of compromising with her situation, Esperanza expresses her desire to have her own dream house. Esperanza says, “I knew then I had to have a house. A real house. One I could point to. But this isn’t it. The house on Mango Street isn’t it” (Cisneros, 5). Esperanza
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