The Human Body And Its Effects On The Body

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Introduction: Astaxanthin is a carotenoid, belonging to the xanthophyll family. It has oxygen atoms in it which differentiates it form carotenes, which are pure hydrocarbons. It has a very unique structure, even among xanthophylls, which places it accurately within cell membranes and lipoproteins. It is conferred with anti oxidative, anti inflammatory powers due to this precise positioning. (Kidd P., 2011) It also protects the mitochondrial double membrane system along with improving its energy production capacity. Due to different metabolic processes in the human body, a large number of free radicals are continuously being generated. The human body possesses inhibitors which scavenge these free radicals and maintain homeostasis. Sometimes the amount of these radicals exceeds the normal anti oxidant capacity. These free radicals then cause damaging effects on the organelles in the cells of the body by oxidative stress. Literature review: Sources: Astaxanthin cannot be produced in the human body. Sea food is the primary source of Astaxanthin for human beings at present. Sea algae, few bacteria and fungi produce it. It is consumed by humans through larger fish like salmon, krill, lobsters, crabs, and crayfish etc. which feed on these micro organisms and accumulate it in their bodies. Synthetic Astaxanthin is also available, but shows variation in molecular profile. Heamatococcus pluvialis is an alga which is cultured on commercial scale to obtain Astaxanthin. Tablets,

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