The Human Factor in Ship Design

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1. Introduction: The Human Factor in Ship Design It is essential to take into account the human factor when designing complicated and large-scale equipment such as ships. The importance of this is demonstrated when the human factor is investigated in terms of marine disasters and casualties. According to Bin Yaakob and Nee (2003, p. 1), the human element accounts for as much as 80% of all marine catastrophes and casualties. This is why entities such as the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the Bureau Veritas (2008) have made it their mission to investigate and address the human factor in ship design. There are two components to investigating and addressing human factors in ship design. First, the challenges seafarers currently face in terms of their work environment and the influence of this on their job performance need to be evaluated. Second, these can be used to determine the design elements necessary to create an optimal environment to encourage optimal job performance for seafaring personnel. Calhoun (2006, p. 2), for example, mentions air quality and ventilation, temperature, noise, and vibration as specific enviornmental aspects that have affected the quality of environment and work performance of seafaring personnel. Other factors include the amount and quality of sleep that is possible for such personnel, as well as the quality of lighting in their environment. A major important consideration is that these factors generally integrate and should be
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