The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease ( Aids )

1366 Words Jul 21st, 2015 6 Pages
Introduction
Over the last three decades, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease (AIDS) epidemic has been a public health concern in the United States (US) and globally. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], (2015d) estimates that in the US, over 1.2 million people are living with HIV, of which 12.8% are unaware of their diagnosis. Due to exceptional medical advances in treatment and prevention strategies, a healthier quality of life and longevity can now be achieved with persons diagnosed with HIV (Irvine et al., 2014; CDC 2015a; Sayles, Wong, Kinsler, Martins, & Cunningham, 2009). However, despite the advance from a deathly diagnosis to a chronic disease, the continuum of care in treatment is still threatened.
Each year, there are 40,000 new HIV infections in the US; and HIV is one of the leading causes of death in Florida. After unintentional injury, cancer, heart disease and suicide. It is reported as the 5th leading cause of death for ages 35 – 44, in 2011 (Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, 2013). The disparity seen in the African American population in regards to HIV is often discussed, and is targeted for prevention strategies. Only making up less than 16% of the US population, yet having the highest HIV infection rate in comparison to adults in other racial/ethnic populations. Nearly half of new infections occur in black young adults and adolescents (13 – 24 in age) (CDC, 2015d;…
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