The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

1281 WordsOct 28, 20156 Pages
A major epidemic across the world is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Accredited with 10% of the HIV cases annually is injection drug use (AIDS.gov, 2014). A study done in 2010 showed that injection drug use affected nearly 47,500 new HIV infections in the United States. With 625 being males and 38% being female. Breaking it down even further, African Americans made up 50% of the newly affecting using injection drugs, Whites 26%, and Latinos/ Hispanics with 21% (CDC.gov, 2015). Injection drug use can spread the HIV virus by any of the following acts: using blood-contaminated syringes to prepare drugs, reusing water, reusing bottle caps, spoons, or other containers ("cookers") to dissolve drugs into water and to heat drugs solutions, reusing small pieces of cotton or cigarette filters ("cottons") to filter out particles that could block the needles (AIDS.gov, 2014). With prevention education and programs rapidly expanding to assist and reduced not only this population, but the larger drug user population. The CDC along with the, High-Impact Prevention and the National HIV/AIDS Strategy are working to maximize the effectiveness of prevention methods and improve overall conditions for injection drug users. These organizations provide funding for state and local governments, an estimated 339 million dollars over the next five years. Providing programs, on safe sex, exchange needle or synergies, and new pre exposure medicines
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