The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv, Tuberculosis ) And Health Behaviour

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ASSIGNMENT : DRUG ABUSE, ADVANCED COMMUNICABLE DISEASES ( HIV, TUBERCULOSIS) AND HEALTH BEHAVIOUR ; INTERVENTIONS AND POLICIES. MODULE: Advanced Communicable Diseases (HIV, HBV, HCV, TB), Substance Misuse and Health Behaviour: Interventions and Policies LEVEL: 7 MODULE CODE: MH70025W COURSE: COMMUNICABLE DISEASES : RISK ASSESSMENT AND INTERVENTIONS FOR SUBSTANCE MISUSERS TUTOR: Dr Duncan Stewart & Luisa Perrino STUDENT NUMBER : 21257385 WORD COUNT: 3,342 The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus); a condition in which progressive failure of the immune system provides life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive that causes the acquired…show more content…
In 2012, there were 6,360 new diagnoses of HIV, contributing to a total of 128,805 cases reported by the end of 2012. Following the identification of AIDS in the UK in the early 1980s, a steady increase of the number of people were diagnosed with HIV. From 1987 to 1990 the total number of reported HIV diagnoses almost doubled, from 8,888 to 15,570. HIV/AIDS was initially concentrated among three 'high-risk ' groups - men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users and people who had receive blood products. Annual HIV diagnoses increased rapidly till 2004. Much of this rise is because of infections transmitted via heterosexual sex. Since 2005, the sum of people who picked up HIV through heterosexual contact has been reduced while new HIV diagnoses among MSM have been continuously increasing. These two routes of transmission now have similar annual figures. According to Public Health England (2013) ' HIV in the United Kingdom: 2013 report ', injecting drug use has played a smaller part in the HIV epidemic in the UK than it has in many other high-income countries. During 2012, a reported 120 people diagnosed with HIV acquired it through this transmission route. In the initial phases of the UK epidemic few HIV diagnose were of women. Unlike in other parts of the world, such as sub-Saharan Africa, where more women are living with HIV than men, HIV diagnoses in the UK have persistently been majority-male.
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