The Human Lifespan Is Full Of Growth And Development

2184 WordsApr 26, 20159 Pages
Morgan Howard PSY 2023- Developmental Psychology Professor Hanselman-Scott 26 April 2015 The human lifespan is full of growth and development. Lifespan development is categorized into five major stages, which are the prenatal period, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. While physical changes are obvious, we also develop in less obvious ways, such as cognitively and socially. Development begins during the prenatal period. This developmental stage begins as soon as the sperm meets the egg and fertilization occurs. During this period, the mother’s diet, age, and drug use can have a major effect on the fetus. Cognitive functions can be affected by the drug and alcohol use of the mother. An example of this is seen in a child with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. A child with FASD may have a poor memory, difficulty paying attention, and/or language delays (“Alcohol Use in Pregnancy”). The mother’s use of drugs and alcohol can also lead to difficulty dealing with multiple stimuli and forming attachments. Intelligence and certain personality traits may be partially determined during this time. The prenatal period ends with the birth of the infant. During infancy, infants experience many cognitive changes. Infants begin to express curiosity and explore their surroundings. They may do this by reaching and grasping for objects that interest them, or by wiggling and crawling towards an interesting object. Jean Piaget studied cognitive development from infancy through
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