The Human Microbiome Project : A Project Initiated By The Nih Roadmap For Biomedical Research
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A microbiome is all of the genetic material found within an individual microbe such as a bacterium, fungal cell or virus. It may also refer to the group of genetic material found in a community of microbes that live together. Furthermore, a microbiome also refers to a set of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and viruses that live in a particular environment mostly the human body such as the skin or the gastrointestinal tract.
The Human Microbiome Project was a project initiated by the NIH, the goal of which was to identify and characterize the microorganisms found in healthy individuals as well as in those individuals with one form of disease or another. The ultimate goal of the Human Microbiome Project was to determine how changes in the human microbiome are associated with healthy or diseased state in humans.
The organization that started the Human Microbiome Project was the ‘NIH Roadmap for Biomedical Research’. In 2007, the Human Microbiome Project was listed on the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research as one of the New Pathways to Discovery. NIH gave 8.2 million dollars to four sequencing centers to start building an outline and data resource for the Human Microbiome Project. The four sequencing centers were Baylor College of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Broad Institute of MIT, and J. Craig Venter Institute. The Project was worked on by professionals from the fields of microbiology, medicine, metagenomics, microbial ecology, computational