The Human Papilloma Virus ( Hpv )

2011 Words Sep 8th, 2014 9 Pages
The human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, is considered necessary for the development of cervical cancer condition. HPV types 16 and 18 are responsible for the vast majority of cervical cancers. Therefore, HPV infection is more likely to be in women who start having sex at an early age and have multiple sexual partners or a partner who has had many sexual partners. This is because their behaviour is more likely to be exposed to HPV. However, a woman with only one partner can get HPV if partner has already been in contact with the virus (Public Health England, 2013).
Evidently, studies found that the women who have not started sexual activity are not infected by HPV or have a very low prevalence of HPV (Chelimo, et al., 2013). A study has also suggested that the age at first sexual intercourse is also linked with high cervical cancer risk. The relative risk was found to be 1.7 among women starting sexual intercourse at age <16 versus women starting sexual intercourse at age of 20+ (BRINTON, et al., 1990). A highly significant trend of increased risk with number of sexual partners was observed, those with more than 5 partners having a 5-fold excess risk compared with women reporting 1 partner (Jones, et al., 1990).
A woman with multiple sexual partners exposes herself at more risk of acquiring HPV infection. A study entitled "The male role in cervical cancer," said that "the risk of cervical cancer of a woman depends less on her own sexual behaviour…
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