The Human Papilloma Virus ( Hpv )

2011 Words9 Pages
The human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, is considered necessary for the development of cervical cancer condition. HPV types 16 and 18 are responsible for the vast majority of cervical cancers. Therefore, HPV infection is more likely to be in women who start having sex at an early age and have multiple sexual partners or a partner who has had many sexual partners. This is because their behaviour is more likely to be exposed to HPV. However, a woman with only one partner can get HPV if partner has already been in contact with the virus (Public Health England, 2013). Evidently, studies found that the women who have not started sexual activity are not infected by HPV or have a very low prevalence of HPV (Chelimo, et…show more content…
For this hypothesis the author pointed out clearly how men of the same age are more heterogeneous than women are known to be, unlike women most men are just carriers of HPV virus and can pass from one partner to the else with them not getting any infection. Unfortunately, with the new generation’s irresponsible sexual behaviour, it is evident that both sexes increase the risk of infection of cervical cancer. In England, the average age of girl at first sex is 16 according to the second national survey of sexual attitudes and lifestyles. The survey also suggested that about quarter of British women had sex before they were 16 and women aged 16-24 had had an average of three heterosexual partners at the time of survey (Family Planning Association, 2011). This shows that British women are at high risk of HPV infection hence cervical cancer because of their early sexual debut and multiple sexual partners. 4.2 Smoking Smoking is a well known risk factor for cervical cancer. A direct carcinogenic action of cigarette smoking on the cervix has been upheld on the grounds that nicotine metabolites can be found in the cervical mucus of women who smoke (Franco, et al., 2001). Analysis of the components of cervical mucus of smokers and non-smokers identified a mutagenic element in the cervical mucus of smokers. Such an agent may make the cervical tissues more vulnerable to HPV (Holmes, et al., 1998). Women who
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