The Human Papillomavirus ( Hpv )

1178 WordsJan 28, 20165 Pages
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention [CDC], 2015). Scientists predict that nearly all sexually active men and women will be infected with HPV at one point during their lifetime (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention [CDC], 2010, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention [CDC], 2015; International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2007, Riguad, 2015). Although HPV is common, it usually resolves on its own within a year or two of infection. It does not pose a risk until it has remained in the body for many years, in which it can lead to pre-cancerous cells and genital warts (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention [CDC], 2013; Human Papillomavirus (HPV), 2015; National Cancer Institute [NCI], 2012). HPV can be categorized into two groups, high risk HPV and low risk HPV. High risk HPV is responsible for the development of cancers, such as cervical, oropharyngeal, anal, vaginal, vulvar, and penile, whereas low risk HPV is associated with the development of genital warts (International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2007). Currently, there are nearly 26,000 new HPV-related cancers in the United States and roughly 18,000 occur in women, and 8,000 occur in men (President’s Report). Roughly 80 million Americans are currently infected with HPV, and 14 million become infected each year (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention [CDC], 2015). Majority of the diagnoses per

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