The Human Papillomavirus ( Hpv )

1195 WordsJul 4, 20155 Pages
Abstract The Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases in America today. With infection rates only increasing every year, it is important to know how HPV can be prevented and treated. In this paper, there is a brief overview of how HPV replicates and what happens when the cell is infected. It will also look at methods to preventing HPV infection such as vaccines, safe sex and abstinence as well as ways to treat HPV when prevention fails including wart removal and cancer treatments. This paper will also discusses some of the signs and symptoms if any, that HPV might exhibit when infection has occurred. Possible research in the field of diagnosing HPV will also be discussed with current and trail based methods of detection. Introduction Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a double stranded DNA virus that has more than 40 different types that are transmitted through sexual contact. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease affecting more than 79 million people worldwide with more than 14 million new people being affected each year (CDC 2015). HPV is so common that more than half of all sexually active adults will be infected in their lifetime (AULT 2006). Most of the 40 types of HPV pose no health risk and are usually fended off by the body’s immune system but the four most common types of HPV, HPV16, 18, 11 and 6 are known to cause either cervical cancer (HPV16 and 18) or genital warts (HPV11 and 6). Different types of HPV

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