The Human Rights Of The United Nations

2236 Words9 Pages
I Introduction The term ‘human rights’ is difficult to define, but generally they are regarded as those fundamental and inalienable rights which are essential for life. They are rights inherent, interdependent, and indivisible to all human beings. This means they cannot be granted or taken away and include rights such as civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. Each act of torture and ill-treatment, inflicted by one human being upon another, permanently scars all those touched by it and destroys our sense of common humanity. Consequently, the prohibition of torture and other forms of ill-treatments is universally recognised and is enshrined in all of the major international and regional human rights instruments. It is also…show more content…
In particular, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Torture Convention) which is monitored and supervised by the Committee Against Torture (CAT) will be examined. Furthermore, the paper will address the reasons as to why such treaty bodies are characterised as quasi-judicial dispute resolution mechanisms, and outline the extent to which their decisions are legally binding on State. II The UN Framework The UN is an intergovernmental organisation established in 1945 in the aftermath of the Second World War to help promote peace, security and stabilise international relations; and is made up of six main bodies, under which multiple subsidiary organisations operate. The UN Charter officially came into force on 24 October 1945, and includes almost every nation in the world. As stated in Articles 55 and 56 of the Charter, all member of the UN have pledged themselves to respect and promote human rights. With respect to promoting human rights, the UN system is a fundamental component of the international human rights framework. Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948, a wide array of human rights norms have been developed. The UN has helped to enact many comprehensive agreements on political, civil, economic, social and cultural
Open Document