The Human Side Of Enterprise

2051 Words9 Pages
In Douglas McGregor’s The Human Side of Enterprise (2006) brings attention to the managerial assumption of human behaviors. McGregor explains that there are two groups that the manager’s assumption falls under and they are Theory X or Theory Y. Theses theories were developed in the 1960’s at MIT Sloan School of management. Both theories describe a dissimilar organizational motivation. In the book, McGregor explains that managers who use the Theory X style assume that their employees are disinterested and will avoid working if they can. McGregor explains, “every managerial act rests on assumptions” (McGregor, 2006, p. 8). In result, managers believe that their workers should be supervised and “coerced, controlled, directed, [and] threatened with punishment to get them to put forth adequate effort”. (McGregor, 2006, p. 45). This is to make sure that the employees are doing their job in a sufficient manner. According to McGregor, employees will be less motivated and will not perform to their best ability without an incentive program and will avoid taking on responsibility. (McGregor, 2006, p. 53) On the other hand, Theory Y has a different approach than Theory X. In theory Y managers assume that their employees are self-motivated and believe that their employees do not “inherently dislike work” (McGregor, 2006, p. 65). Managers who participate in Theory Y believe, given the proper conditions, their employees will accept responsibility of exercising
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