The Human Species

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Imagine a world where the Human Species was not the only dominant one. Imagine the practice of co-dominance with a similar species. This comparable Species is often referred to as the “Neanderthal” but is in fact properly named the Neanderthalensis. They were intelligent beings with culture and basic technologies of their time. Contrary to the way that they are portrayed today they were arguably intelligent. The Neanderthals went extinct 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. Although there are still some debates about who these people were, we know that the Neanderthals are our closest relatives. All that remains of the hundreds of Neandertal groups that scientist have discovered are a handful of funeral sites, tools, bones, pieces of art, and…show more content…
It is no secret that man does not acquire easily the desire to share. Our early ancestors, also known as Homo erectus, would not share food, space, or much less their women. The interbreeding of both species has led to modern day humans having anywhere from 1-5% Neandertal Genes.

Even though there have been a number of comparisons between the Neandertals and modern humans, mostly following a gene approach, the major breakthrough happened with the sequencing of the Neanderthal genome. When the Genome Project was first decoded, no one thought of linking it back to the Neanderthals. Svante Paabo, a Swedish biologist, was the first to link the modern human genome back to our ancient ancestors, the Neanderthals. His research and findings was then known as the Neanderthal Human Genome.

The Vindija cave in Northern Croatia, offered Paabo exactly what he needed to make a comparison, DNA. The well preserved bone fragments of three Neanderthal females gave Paabo the best chance of extracting DNA from them, although many obstacles got in the way of his research, after four long years, Paabo and his team were able to link modern human genes with the Neanderthal genes. One of the first areas that they were interested on was their language gene compared to the modern human language gene. “Neanderthals had the same version of the FOXP3 gene, the
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