The Hybrid Vehicle Is A Hybrid Electric Vehicle

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Since 1984 the United States military has been using various versions of the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), or Humvee as it’s more commonly known. As the environment, technology, and mission needs change, so must the design and capabilities of vehicles used by the military. A version of the Reconnaissance, Surveilling, Targeting Vehicle (RST-V) nicknamed The Shadow is a hybrid electric vehicle developed to meet the changing demands. Its creation is intended to meet the demands of an ever changing battlefront and reduce the limitations posed by previous vehicles. This paper will cover what a hybrid vehicle is, brief history of the technology, how it is being used to develop new vehicles for the military, and what…show more content…
The first hybrid electric vehicle is developed by Ferdinand Porsche in 1901. The Lohner-Porsche Mixte Hybrid, being the first ever of its kind, makes use of a gasoline powered engine in conjunction with electric generators and motors. In the early 1980’s hybrid vehicles become more advanced through the use of the regenerative brake design. Modern versions of hybrids enter the scene in the late 1990’s with the Honda Insight and Toyota Prius. These models suffer a slow start due to high purchase costs and relatively low costs of fuel. As the purchase price of hybrid vehicles decline over the following years and the cost of fossil fuels increase, hybrids have become increasingly popular. Today, the use of hybrid vehicles are continuing to rise and become more popular with the addition of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Plug-in vehicles are able to be charge from an external power source while it is parked, allowing for the batteries to fully charge without the use of the combustion engine. This technology isn’t only for civilian applications. The Shadow is developed by two American companies, General Dynamic Land Systems (GDLS) and Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control. They are awarded an initial contract in 1997 by the Office of Naval Research as well as the Defense Advanced Research Agency (DARPA). The purpose of this contract is to create a vehicle compatible to meet multiple mission variants, which is currently being fulfilled
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