The Idea Of Secularization As A Concept Of Society

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Over the past few decades, many theories have evolved around the idea of secularization as a concept in society. The secularization thesis refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols’. (Rosta, 2009, chapter 14)
Berger was a strong component to the secularization thesis that conducted many studies and developed theories that have been countlessly cited and critiqued. He believed that, in the face of modernity, people would move further towards scientific reasoning and the rational and thus, there would be a corresponding decline in religion. Berger (As cited in Juergensmeyer 2013) stated in one of his journals that by ‘The 21st century, religious believers are likely to be found only in small sects, huddled together to resist a worldwide secular culture.’
Berger judged that modernity was allowing for an increase in individualism as people had increase access to technology and a wider range of information. This meant that people would start searching for answers to questions that have never been proven and thus, rational explanations will overcome the traditional. Religion would lose control, as a macro institution in society and people would begin living their lives away from any influence of the church and religions. Berger’s main judgment on secularization was that the rise of science and rationality would ultimately result in the complete downfall of religion.
Emile Durkheim, is a
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