The Ideas Of Plato And Plato's Republic

Decent Essays
Socrates was of the conviction that ideals are the preserve of a world only the shrewd man can fathom, which makes the philosopher the only kind of person suited to govern others. He argued that only the philosopher could effectively govern a state because others would yield to the wishes and desires of the majority (Weeraratne 228). In Plato’s Republic, Socrates overtly took a dim view of the Athenian democracy that governed Athens during his time. In fact, not only did Socrates have problems with the Athenian democracy, he also found short of perfect any form of government that was not consistent with his demonstration of an ideal government led by philosophers, and the government of Athens did not resemble such a regime in any way. It is worth noting, however, that the Socrates described in Plato’s Republic appears to be characterized by Plato’s own opinions, and while Socrates supported a democratic variant of unified government, Aristotle advocated for a form of aristocracy in which the majority middle class ruled. Because of political upheaval, Athens was in a constant state of unrest and instability during the later years Socrates life. A junta by the name Thirty Tyrants, which was led by Critias (Plato’s relative and a student of Socrates), eventually put an end to democracy and ruled for close to a year before the reinstatement of the Athenian democracy (Johnson 11). While it is widely believed that Socrates was opposed to Athenian democracy, a reading of Plato’s
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