The Iliad By Homer

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The Iliad is a collection of poems written by Homer describing the 10-year siege of the city of Troy by Greeks in what is now famously known as the Trojan War. Several characters stand out in the series of poems because of the roles they played in the war, how they behaved and the acts they took to help eventually win the war for the Greeks (then known as Akhaians). This paper specifically investigates the writings in Books two, four, thirteen, sixteen and seventeen and why the events in these books are important in the overall text.
Book 2 (pg. 46-47). The author, Homer, portrays a society utilizing poetic fiction. He describes of how humans directly talked and interacted with gods (Raaflaub 469). This can be seen in page forty six of Book two which starts by describing a dream that Zeus (god) had sent to Agamemnon in which Zeus promises glory in the end. The interaction with gods is also evident in page forty seven whereby a speaker asks Zeus, Apollo and Athena to give him 10 more people to help him strategize in the war. The author of the poem also uses items that were common hundreds of years ago such as fighting using ships and placing the ships in the historical Trojan War (Raaflaub 471-472). Such uses are common throughout the Iliad.
Book 4 (pg. 94-106). Here the author portrays a war that was filled with fictional and overly exaggerated events/elements. Homer’s narration of huge weapons and equally huge and strong men in the war is strewn together with individual

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