The Iliad Of All Time

1441 Words Dec 1st, 2016 6 Pages
Homer and Virgil authored some of the greatest epics of all time. Clearly, Homer’s original poem, the Iliad, influenced Virgil’s Aeneid to a large degree not only in plot setting and characters, but the similarities manifest at the literary level, for instance devices such as the same heroic meter, illustrious similes, allegory, ekriphas, division into books, even though way that the Greeks and Trojans are portrayed amongst many others are features of both works. However, there are striking differences between the two, while the Iliad relies heavily on repetition, the Aeneid has none. While both poems revolve around destiny, the Iliad’s underlying theme is human nature and man’s quest for glory through war. The Aeneid, however, consistently reminds us that the glory to be sought is the future history’s glories, basically saying commitment to destiny was Aeneas’ role so that Caesar and his line can reach their glory. Virgil’s audience during his time would have likely been literate aristocratic patriotic Romans, this allows for allusions to their current state, whether is the way the characters dress, the way they view women, and the way they perceive their ruler and government. Homer does not have this hidden agenda; it purely relates the stories of heroes and gods, to a society that believed in the myths that are revealed.
The Homeric poem was meant to be orally narrated to a generally illiterate audience, as was the case for the Iliad. As an oral tradition, it relied on…

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