The Iliad and the Odyssey

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The Iliad and the Odyssey are two classic stories told by Homer. Within these two stories the roles of the gods are very important to the story line and how they affect the characters throughout. In the Iliad, more gods are involved with the characters whereas in the Odyssey there are only two major gods that affect two major characters. The roles of the gods in the Iliad are through two different stances of immortal versus immortal and mortal versus immortal. The roles of the gods in the Odyssey are through two major gods and they affect the plot as Poseidon versus Odysseus and Athena versus Telemachus. The Iliad is a classic epic poem written by Homer about the Trojan War and the rage of an Achaean warrior, Achilles. The book…show more content…
The reader may be wondering now: what if Aphrodite never entered the duel and saved Paris? What is Athena never persuaded Pandarus to shoot his arrow? Through reading books three and four, one may conclude that the war could have ended then and Helen could have gone home with Menelaus, where she belongs. The gods felt they had to interfere to have what they wanted. The glory of Achilles restored and the fall of Troy.
Another role the gods played in the earthy battle of mortal versus immortal is through false dreams and misread omens. In order to start out his plan to exalt Achilles, Zeus starts by giving Agamemnon a false dream. “Tell Atrides to arm his long-haired Achaeans, to attack at once, full force-now he can take the broad streets of Troy. The immortal gods who hold Olympus clash no more, Hera’s appeals have brought them round and all agree: griefs are about to crush the men of Troy” (Homer, Iliad 99-100). This dream sets up the soldiers for failure only to glorify Achilles, who has left the war due to his pride.
The use of omens is throughout the Iliad whether an omen is good or bad depends on the interpreter. In book 12 the Trojans are planning an attack on the Achaean ships. As they are crossing through a trench they look into the sky and see an eagle flying with a snake in its talons and the two are battling each other viciously. Polydamas

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