Alzheimer’s is a disease in the brain that affects a person’s memory, thinking, and behavior. It is the most common form of dementia and is common in adults older than 65. More than five million Americans are being affected by Alzheimer’s at this moment. Alzheimer’s comes in three stages; early, middle, and advanced. The disease is caused by the shrinking of the brain due to many risk factors and genetics.
PCP is a Schedule II substance in the United States, meaning that the drug or other substances have a high potential for abuse, the drug or other substances have currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, or currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions, and abuse of the drug or other substances may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. PCP’s manufacturing quota for 2014 was 19 grams. It’s mostly young people who abuse this drug. In 2008, more than 37,000 people needed to be cared for in hospital emergency rooms as a result of PCP abuse. About one percent of high school students reported using this drug in the years 2007-2009. It is known that PCP residues store in the fatty tissues of the body, where it can be dislodged later and create flashbacks in a similar way that LSD can cause flashbacks. There many street name for PCP some include: Angel Dust, Amoeba, Zoom, Super Grass, PeaCe Pills, Animal Trank, and Peter Pan. PCP mixed with marijuana street names are: Wet, Dust Blunt, Love Boat, and Happy Sticks. PCP mixed with MDMA (ecstasy) street names are: Pikachu and Elephant
This means that every time a person goes to take more PCP, they have to start taking a higher dose to get the same high effect as before. Most hallucinogens are not addictive, PCP however is majorly addictive. PCP dependence is shown by the withdrawal symptoms, such as extreme depression and psychosis. Treatment for addiction is antidepressants and counseling through an inpatient facility. The correct treatment is needed for PCP users because withdrawal symptoms could be so severe that it could lead to seizures. An inpatient program is also necessary because of relapse. Some of the top reasons for relapse is stress, negative emotions, and people or places associated with the negative behavior, therefore it is crucial to have a support system such as a
Users of PCP report memory loss, difficulties with speech and learning, depression, and weight loss. These symptoms can persist up to a year after cessation of PCP use. PCP has sedative effects, and interactions with other central nervous system depressants, such as alcohol and benzodiazepines, can lead to coma or accidental overdose. Use of PCP among adolescents may interfere with hormones related to normal growth and development. Many PCP users are brought to emergency rooms because of PCP's unpleasant psychological effects or because of overdoses. In a hospital or detention setting, they often become violent or suicidal, and are very dangerous to themselves and to others. They should be kept in a calm setting and should not be left alone.According to the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), the number of past year initiates of PCP aged 12 or older decreased from 123,000 in 2002 to 45,000 in 2009 and 2010. PCP is grouped into the hallucinogens group in the NSDUH, which also include LSD, peyote, mescaline, psilocybin mushrooms, and "Ecstasy" (MDMA). In the survey, hallucinogens were used in the past month by 1.2 million persons (0.5 percent) aged 12 or older in 2010, including the 45,000 who had used PCP. These hallucinogen estimates were similar to estimates
PCP, which stands for phenyl cyclohexyl piperidine, is a drug that is found to be so dangerous that it remains useful only in veterinary medicine as a tranquilizer. Depending on the dosage, it can be a hallucinogen, stimulant, depressant, or an analgesic
Jyllian Kemsley Ph.D. is a chemical research scientist, and scientific research contributor to the CENtral Science’s Safety Zone blog that seeks to “cover science and technology, business and industry, government and policy, education, and employment aspects of the chemistry field”. Her article entitled “Psychedelic Compounds like Ecstasy May Be Good for More than Just a High", reports on the revolutionary research theory within the field of medicine that seeks to examine the prospective benefits of using psychoactive compounds in treating a number of mental conditions. The piece is well written, and presents a number of background studies that have evaluated the efficiency of these
PCP or Phencyclidine is a hallucinogen drug that effects the mind. It has many different names, some of the most common are angel dust, love boat, lovely, crystal, TAC, Hog, and The Sheets. In the 1960 phencyclidine was used as a quick acting anesthetic but had a few side effects so it was discontinued in the 1960s and used solely as a veterinary tranquilizer. It was in the 1970s that it started to get abused. San Francisco was the first city reported to have PCP being abused it was called the peace pill. Since it was inexpensive and easy to make it was often sold as other drugs such as psilocybin, cocaine, amphetamine, LSD, and Synthetic THC.
Alzheimer is a disease that affects the elderly most. The disease was discovered by Dr. Alois Alzheimer in the year 1906 when he was examining a female’s brain. He found out that the woman displayed memory loss, language problems and some inexplicable changes in behavior. The disease was named after the doctor who was a German psychiatrist and a neuropathologist. Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain disorder that leads to memory loss, personality changes, and language problems (Gilbert & Julie 2). The disease is mostly diagnosed in people over the age of 65 years, though there is a small minority of people under the age of 50 who get the disease. Studies show that 1% of a whole population aged between the ages 65-75 have severe
Drugs have been around for a very long time. They are used for a variety of reasons. Some of these reasons include relaxation, socialization, curiosity, stress relief, or a form of escapism. However, most people don’t know the threats and danger that it can cause to the body. In this paper, we are going to examine the changes that happen inside the brain due to the effects of different drugs. We will look closely at how drugs such as hallucinogens, ecstasy, cocaine, heroin, and cannabis affect an individual psychologically. I will explain the origin of the drugs, how a person feels while on the drug, how the drugs
Chlorpromazine (abbreviated CPZ) is an antipsychotic drug, synthesis of which was carried out in 1951 by Paul Charpentier of Rhône-Poulenc. It became available on prescription in 1952 in France, and is currently sold under brand names Thorazine, Largactil, Hibernal and Megaphen.
An individual’s behavior and emotion becomes chemically altered often resulting in dependency, aggression, onset of diseases and poor judgement. This poses a dangerous threat to the neurotransmitters since they have multiple jobs in different parts of the brain. Drugs of abuse are able to exert influence over the brain reward pathway either by directly influencing the action of dopamine within the system, or by altering the activity of other neurotransmitters that exert a modulatory influence over this pathway. These drugs are often powerful and have been known to trigger schizophrenic behavior and can also cause a person to cease breathing, for example hallucinogens such as LSD, mescaline, and psilocybin are able to artificially stimulate the serotonin receptor (Sapolsky, 2005).
Throughout the history of the human species, we have been always wanted to know three basic questions: why we are here, where did we come from, and where do we go after this life? Whether we were created from an omnipotent being as in many religions, we happened by chance and made it to where we are through evolution, or maybe even something else. Whatever the case may be, humans have always been curious and wondered about our existence and consciousness. Along with these age old questions, also came the use of psychoactive drugs and other mind altering substances. In order to try to understand these questions, humans have experimented with drugs that alter their state of consciousness.
First, I will describe Alzheimer's disease it is a progressive condition that damages areas of the brain involved in memory, intelligence, judgment, language and behavior. According to Alzheimer’s Association, Alzheimer's disease is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and more than five million Americans the ages of sixty and older are living with this disease. In two-thousand and twelve, 15.4 million