The Impact Of Canadian Policing During The Nineteenth Century

895 WordsJun 22, 20154 Pages
2) There has been an evolution of police work in Canada. A number of events have shaped Canadian policing, and in particular have shaped three different kinds. These are municipal, provincial, and federal police services. All these services had to start from somewhere. “In many respects, the emergence of Canadian policing during the nineteenth century closely mirrored the development of punishment and corrections” (Griffiths 2004). In the earliest days, policing in communities was carried out by community residents. Later, some communities started to rely on militias and the navy, while other regions remained unpoliced. These situations were obviously not sufficient to deal with the rising problems faced in an industrialized society. These times are categorized as early municipal policing. Complaints by fishermen led to the first court of justice in North America in Trinity Bay. These early attempts eventually failed. The English appointed “fishing admirals”, who were captains of fishing vessels empowered to settle disputes. These men were untrained, and normally no better than the people they were to police. “In 1792 a Royal proclamation was issued that authorized the Governor of Newfoundland to appoint justices and constables” (Course Notes). Early municipal police had three main mandates which were: to police conflicts with ethnic groups, to maintain moral standards by enforcing laws against drunkenness, prostitution and gambling, and to apprehend criminals. Townspeople
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